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From marking to issuing results

Conditions

Reference to In2action - EPA Policy and Procedures

Date last reviewed

Outcome of review (if applicable)

Due date

H. From marking to

issuing results

Rules about marking, Centre Assessments Standards Scrutiny (including Moderation), setting specified levels of attainment and results

Marking the assessment

Marking
H1.1 For each qualification which it makes available, an awarding organisation must have in place effective arrangements to ensure that, as far as possible, the criteria against which Learners’ performance will be differentiated are –
(a) understood by Assessors and accurately applied, and
(b) applied consistently by Assessors, regardless of the identity of the Assessor, Learner or Centre.


Marking options
H1.2 Where –
(a) an awarding organisation offers an option as to tasks which may be completed by a Learner in an assessment or as to assessments which may be completed by the Learner (including units),
(b) the awarding organisation reasonably concludes that there is a material inconsistency between the Level of Demand of two optional tasks or assessments, and
(c) it is likely that the inconsistency will prejudice a group of Learners,

the awarding organisation must make a reasonable alteration to the criteria against which Learners’ performance will be differentiated for the optional task or assessment so as to prevent that prejudice from occurring.


H1.3 Where such a reasonable alteration is made for an optional task or assessment, an awarding organisation must ensure that the alteration is applied uniformly in the marking of every task or assessment in relation to which a Learner has taken that option.

Centre assessment standards scrutiny where an assessment is marked by a centre

H2.1 Where evidence generated by a Learner in an assessment for a qualification made available by an awarding organisation is marked by a Centre, the awarding organisation must have in place clear and effective arrangements to undertake Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny in respect of the assessment.

H2.2 An awarding organisation must ensure that in respect of any Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny which it undertakes it complies with –
(a) any requirements, and has regard to any guidance, which may be published by Ofqual and revised from time to time, and
(b) any requirements which Ofqual has communicated to it in writing.


Moderation
H2.3 An awarding organisation’s arrangements in respect of Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny –
(a) must include Moderation –
(i) of an assessment for a qualification specified in a list which may be published by Ofqual and revised from time to time, and
(ii) in circumstances which Ofqual has communicated to the awarding organisation in writing, and
(b) in all other cases, may include Moderation.


H2.4 An awarding organisation must ensure that any Moderation which it undertakes allows it effectively to determine whether or not –
(a) the assessment remains fit for purpose, and
(b) the criteria against which Learners’ performance is differentiated are being applied accurately and consistently by Assessors in different Centres, regardless of the identity of the Assessor, Learner, or Centre.


H2.5 An awarding organisation must –
(a) ensure that any such Moderation which it undertakes ensures that it is able to make any necessary changes to a Centre’s marking of evidence generated by a Learner in an assessment, and
(b) make such a change wherever it considers it necessary in order to ensure that the assessment remains fit for purpose or that the criteria against which Learners’ performance is differentiated are being applied accurately and consistently.


Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy
H2.6 In respect of each qualification which it makes available, or proposes to make available, where evidence generated by a Learner is marked by a Centre an awarding organisation must –
(a) establish and maintain a Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy for that qualification,
(b) ensure that its strategy complies with any requirements which may be published by Ofqual and revised from time to time, and
(c) have regard to any guidance in relation to Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategies which may be published by Ofqual and revised from time to time.


H2.7 In particular, an awarding organisation must ensure that the Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy for a qualification sets out how the awarding organisation intends to secure, on an ongoing basis, compliance with Conditions H2.1 to H2.5 in respect of the assessments for that qualification.

H2.8 An awarding organisation must ensure that all Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny which it undertakes complies with its strategy established under this Condition.

H2.9 An awarding organisation must –
(a) keep under review its Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy, and revise it where necessary, so as to satisfy itself that the strategy meets at all times the requirements of Conditions H2.6 and H2.7,
(b) when requested to do so by Ofqual in writing, promptly submit to Ofqual that strategy, and
(c) review that strategy promptly upon receiving a request from Ofqual to do so, and subsequently ensure that its strategy complies with any requirements that Ofqual has communicated to it in writing.


H2.10 An awarding organisation must –
(a) upon receiving a request from Ofqual to do so, demonstrate to Ofqual’s satisfaction that it has complied with its Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy in respect of any particular assessment, or provide an explanation to Ofqual as to why it has not so complied, and
(b) give effect to any recommendation that Ofqual may make in respect of its compliance with its Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny strategy.

Monitoring the specified levels of attainment of qualifications

H3.1 Before setting a specified level of attainment for a qualification which it makes available, an awarding organisation must review the specified levels of attainment set for –


(a) the qualification previously,
(b) similar qualifications it makes available, and
(c) similar qualifications made available by other awarding organisations,


and must use the results of this monitoring to ensure that the specified level of attainment it sets for the qualification will promote consistency in measuring the levels of attainment of Learners over time and between similar qualifications.

Adjudication by Ofqual of specified levels of attainment for a qualification

H4.1 Where –


(a) an awarding organisation makes available a qualification,
(b) at least one other awarding organisation makes available a qualification which is viewed by the generality of Users of qualifications as being a direct equivalent to that qualification
(c) each awarding organisation sets the specified level or levels of attainment for the equivalent qualification that they respectively make available,
(d) Ofqual considers that a specified level of attainment set by an awarding organisation prevents the equivalent qualifications from indicating a consistent level of attainment (including, where Ofqual considers appropriate, over time), and
(e) Ofqual specifies to an awarding organisation, in writing, requirements in relation to a specified level of attainment for the qualification which it makes available (either for a particular assessment cycle or during a particular time period),


any awarding organisation to which Ofqual has specified such requirements must ensure that, before the qualification is awarded for that assessment cycle or during that time period, the specified level of attainment for the qualification complies with those requirements.

Results of a qualification must be based on sufficient evidence

H5.1 An awarding organisation must ensure that the result of each assessment taken by a Learner in relation to a qualification which the awarding organisation makes available reflects the level of attainment demonstrated by that Learner in the assessment.

H5.2 An awarding organisation must ensure that –
(a) the marking of an assessment in relation to, and
(b) the awarding of,
a qualification which it makes available takes into account all admissible evidence generated by a Learner as part of that assessment.


H5.3 Where an awarding organisation sets a rule as to the quantity or type of evidence generated by Learners which will be admissible in an assessment, it must ensure that –
(a) the assessment makes the rule clear, and
(b) the rule is applied to all Learners taking the assessment (other than where any Reasonable Adjustments or Special Consideration require it to be altered).


H5.4 Where an awarding organisation sets a rule as to how the final mark for a qualification will be calculated from marks for different assessments, it must ensure that –
(a) the qualification makes the rule clear, and
(b) the rule is applied to all Learners taking the qualification (other than where any Reasonable Adjustments or Special Consideration require it to be altered).

Issuing results

H6.1 An awarding organisation must, in relation to any qualification which it makes available –
(a) issue results for all units and qualifications,
(b) publish expected dates or timescales for the issue of those results,
(c) issue results which are clear and readily capable of being understood by Users of qualifications
(d) issue results which accurately and completely reflect the marking of assessments (including the outcome of any Centre Assessment Standards Scrutiny and any other quality assurance process),
(e) ensure that the issue of results is timely, and
(f) take all reasonable steps to meet any date or timescale it has published for the issue of results.


H6.2 An awarding organisation must comply with any notice in writing issued by Ofqual under this condition requiring it to refrain from issuing results for a qualification or qualifications –
(a) until such date as Ofqual might specify; and
(b) until it has complied with such requirements as Ofqual might specify.


Correcting results
H6.3 Where an awarding organisation discovers that any result which it has issued is incorrect it must –
(a) correct that result where the error is discovered through the application of an appeals process,
(b) in all other cases –
(i) consider whether it is appropriate to correct that result, having regard to any guidance on making changes to incorrect results published by Ofqual and revised from time to time, and
(ii) correct that result where it considers it appropriate to do so.

Go to I. Appeals and certificates 

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H1.1
H1.2
H1.3
H2.1
H2.2
H2.3
H2.4
H2.5
H2.6
H2.7
H2.8
H2.9
H2.10
H3.1
H4.1
H5.1
H5.2
H5.3
H5.4
H6.1
H6.2
H6.3
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